Resources and publications

Project reports and publications

The needs of mothers before, during and after imprisonment: Summary findings from Workshop Series 1

This report captures the findings from the first series of workshops conducted during December 2020. The key findings in this report are that; (i) women want more opportunities to be mothers and to maintain or rebuild their relationship with their children while in prison, (ii) during their imprisonment mothers want opportunities to start healing and changing, and (iii) once released, mothers want more support to stay out of prison.

Understanding the needs of children and young people who experience maternal imprisonment: Summary findings from Workshop Series 2

This report summarises findings from a workshop held in April 2021 with government and not for profit organisation stakeholders working with children and youth affected by maternal incarceration. This workshop identified opportunities for interventions in six domains that are important for positive development in children and young people: health, education, love and safety, material basics, participation, culture, and identity. The report also highlights the need for a better coordinated and fluid support network for these children and youths.

Developing a new model of support for incarcerated mothers and their children: Summary findings from Workshop Series 3

Workshop 3 followed two series of workshops with mothers in prison and stakeholders in the community that were held between December 2020 and April 2021. This document reports on the outcome of our third workshop series, held in May 2021. Unlike the previous externally focused workshops, this workshop series was internal and included the ten members of the research team.

Did we get this right? Feedback from mothers in prison on a new model of support: Summary findings from Workshop Series 4

This report covers the final stage of a co-creation process to design a new model of support for mothers during a period of imprisonment and upon release, as well as their children. The model was informed by the findings from a series of workshops with mothers in prison and government and not-for-profit agency stakeholders, as well as the experiences and knowledge of the Project Team. The report summarises feedback from mothers in prison on the proposed model of service provision, for which there was strong support.

Posters: “The worries and needs of mothers while they are in prison” and “Mothers want help to”.

These posters are a reader-friendly version of the summary findings from the Workshop Series 1 report. The posters were published in May 2021 and they serve as a feedback report for women in correctional centres who participated in the first workshop series. The posters were presented to mothers across all the participating correctional centres in June 2021 during Workshop 4.

Project resources

Active programs across Australia for incarcerated mothers and their children, July 2021

This resource is designed for stakeholders and members of the public who require information about programs available to incarcerated mothers and their children. The resource provides a list of available programs across Australia’s states and territories and will be updated on a regular basis on our website.

Below is a sample of publications on related research produced by members of our Griffith research team.

Related journal articles published by project team

Allen, J., Creedy, D., Jenkinson, B., Gamble, J. Assessing health engagement: A systematic review of tools for use with vulnerable pregnant women [in preparation]

Creedy DK, Gamble, J, Boorman R. & Allen J. (2020). Midwives’ self-reported knowledge and skills to assess and promote maternal health literacy: A national cross-sectional survey. Women & Birth

McGee, T.R., Whitten, T., Williams, C., Jolliffe, D., and Farrington, D.P. (2020 in press, accepted 24 June 2020) Classification of patterns of offending in developmental and life-course criminology, with special reference to persistence, Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Najman, J.M., Middeldorp, C., Williams, G., Scott, J., McGee, T.R., Bor, W., Clavarino, A., & Mamun, A. (2020) Illicit Drug Use by Mothers and their Daughters in Australia: A Comparison of Two Generations, Addictive Behaviors, 106, July, Article 106321.

Dennison, S. M., Besemer, K. & Low–Choy, S. (in press, accepted 26th August, 2019). Maternal parenting stress following paternal or close family incarceration: Bayesian profile regression using the HILDA longitudinal survey. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. DOI: 10.1007/s10940-019-09430-z

Kildea, S., Hickey, S., Barclay, L., Kruske, S., Nelson, C., Sherwood, J., Allen, J., et al. (2019). Implementing Birthing on Country services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families: RISE Framework. Women and Birth, 32(5), 466-475.

Ransley, J. ‘Third Party Policing’. (2019) Oxford Bibliographies in Policing. Ed. Beth M. Huebner. New York: Oxford University Press,

Reid, N., Gamble, J., Creedy, D. K., & Finlay-Jones, A. (2019). Benefits of caseload midwifery to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A discussion paper. Women and Birth, 32(1), 3-5.

Allard, T., Hurren, E., Thompson, C., Jenkins, B., Chrzanowski, A., & Stewart, A. (2018). Who is responsible for child maltreatment? Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, no. 547, 1-15.

Besemer, K. & Dennison, S. M. (2018). Family imprisonment, maternal parenting stress and its impact on mother-child relationship satisfaction. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(12), 3897-3908.

Besemer, K., van de Weijer. S. & Dennison, S. M. (2018). Risk marker or risk mechanism: The effect of family, household and parental imprisonment on children and adults’ social support and mental health. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(8). 1154-1173. DOI: 10.1177/0093854818782711

Besemer, K. L. & Dennison, S. M (2018). Social exclusion in families affected by paternal imprisonment. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 51(2), 221-238. DOI: 10.1177/0004865817701530

Highet, N., Creedy, D. K., & Gamble, J. (2018). Perinatal mental health and psychosocial risk screening in a community maternal and child health setting: Evaluation of a digital platform. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 1-7.

Ransley, J., & Marchetti, E. (2018). Medicalizing the Detention of Aboriginal People in the Northern Territory: A New/Old Regime of Control? Social and Legal Studies.

Ransley J, Murphy K, Karstedt S, Bartlett D, Forrester L & Carless M (2018) Developing and applying a Queensland Crime Harm Index: implications for policing serious and organised crime in R. Smith (ed) Organised Crime Forum Proceedings, Research Report No. X, Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Roettger, M. E., & Dennison, S. (2018). Interrupting intergenerational offending in the context of America’s social disaster of mass imprisonment. American Behavioral Scientist, 62 (11), 1545-1561.

Toohill, J., Callander, E., Fox, H., Lindsay, D., Gamble, J., Creedy, D., & Fenwick, J. (2018). Socioeconomic differences in access to care in Australia for women fearful of birth. Australian Health Review,

Crissman B, Smith K, Ransley J and Allard T, (2017) ‘Women’s health in Queensland prisons: An analysis of stakeholder perspectives’, International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61 (5) 582-603

Dennison, S., Smallbone, H. & Occhipinti, S. (2017). Understanding how incarceration challenges proximal processes in father-child relationships: Perspectives of imprisoned fathers. Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology, 3(1), 15-38. doi:10.1007/s40865-017-0054-9

Ransley, J & Mazerolle, L (2017), ‘Third Sector Involvement in Criminal Justice’, in A. Deckert & R. Sarre (eds) The Australian and New Zealand Handbook of Criminology, Crime and Justice, Palgrave.

Allen, J., Kildea, S., Stapleton, H. (2016). How optimal caseload midwifery can modify predictors for preterm birth in young women: integrated findings from a mixed methods study. Midwifery, 41, 30-38.

Broidy, L. M., Stewart, A.L., Thompson, C. M., Chrzanowski, A., Allard, T., & Dennison, S.M. (2015). Life Course Offending Pathways Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 1 (2), 118-149.

McGee, T.R., Hayatbakhsh, M.R., Bor, W., Aird, R.L., Dean, A.J., & Najman, J.M. (2015) The impact of snares on the continuity of adolescent onset antisocial behaviour: A test of Moffitt’s developmental taxonomy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 48, 3, 345–366.

Dennison, S., Smallbone, H., Stewart, A., Freiberg, K. & Teague, R. (2014). “My life is separated”: An examination of the challenges and barriers to parenting for Indigenous fathers in prison. British Journal of Criminology, 54 (6), 1089-1108.

Ransley J and Marchetti E (2014), ‘Reversing the Critical Lens: the role of legal players in Indigenous Sentencing Courts’, UNSW Law Journal.

Thompson, C.M., Stewart, A., Allard, T., Chrzanowski, A., Luker, C. & Sveticic, J. (2014). Examining Adult-Onset Offending: A Case for Adult Cautioning. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, no. 488, 1-8.

Dennison, S., Stewart, A. & Freiberg, K (2013). A prevalence study of children with imprisoned fathers: Annual and lifetime estimates. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 48 (3), 339-362.

Fleming, S, Prenzler, T & Ransley, J (2013) ‘The status of Indigenous Women in Policing: a Queensland Case Study’, Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 24(3).

Mazerolle, L & Ransley, J (2012) ‘Crime reduction through a regulatory approach’ Criminology and Public Policy, vol 11(2).

Ransley J, (2011), ‘From Evidence to Policy and Practice in Youth Justice’ in Stewart A, Allard T & Dennison S (eds) Evidence Based Policy and Practice in Youth Justice, Federation Press, Sydney.

Bor, W., McGee, T.R., Hayatbakhsh, M.R., Najman, J.M. & Dean, A. (2010) Do antisocial females exhibit poor outcomes in adulthood? An Australian cohort study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 7, 648–657.

Related book chapters published by project team

Besemer, K., Dennison, S., Bijleveld, C.C.H. & Murray, J. (forthcoming). Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Lessons from International Research. In J. Mark Eddy & Julie Poehlmann-Tynan. (eds.). Handbook on Children of Incarcerated Parents: Research, Policy, and Practice, Second Edition. Springer International Publishing.

Allen, J. (2019). Midwifery continuity of care for specific groups. In C., Homer, P. Brodie, J. Sandall, N. Leap (eds.) Midwifery Continuity of Care: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Elsevier.

Besemer, K. & Dennison, S. (2019). Intergenerational social exclusion in prisoners’ families. In Hutton, M. & Moran, D. (eds.). The Palgrave Handbook on Prison and the Family. pp. 479-501. Palgrave.

Broidy, L., & Thompson, C. (2018). Developmental and life course findings on women and girls. In The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life Course Criminology, David Farrington, Lila Kazemian, and Alex Piquero (eds.). (pp. 624-649). New York: Oxford University Press.

Dennison, S. & Besemer, K. (2018). Missing and missing out: Social exclusion in children with an incarcerated parent. In Condry, R. & Scharff Smith, P. (eds.). Prisons, Punishment and the Family: Towards a New Sociology of Punishment? pp 87-101. Oxford University Press.

Thompson, C.M. & Stewart, A. (2011). Assessing risk of reoffending. In A. Stewart, T. Allard & S. Dennison. Evidence Based Policy and Practice in Juvenile Justice. (pp. 116- 133). Australia: The Federation Press.

Other related publications

Maintaining family contact during COVID-19: Describing the experiences and needs of children with a family member in prison

Maintaining family contact during COVID-19: Describing the experiences and needs of children with a family member in prison – Summary of Findings

Dennison, S. (2019). Keeping it together: Prison and family life. Griffith Review, 65, 228-235.

Hurren, E., Thompson, C.M., Jenkins, B., Chrzanowski, A., Allard, T., & Stewart, A. (2018). Who are the perpetrators of child maltreatment? Report to the Criminology Research Advisory Council.

Knox, M., & Gamble, J. (2018). Community maternity hubs and midwifery caseload practice: a future-focused primary health model with integrated access to secondary and tertiary services. Women and Birth, 31, (Suppl. 1), S27-S28.

Thompson, C.M., Stewart, A., Allard, T., Chrzanowski, A., Luker, C. & Sveticic, J. (2014). Understanding the extent and nature of adult-onset offending: Implications for the effective and efficient use of criminal justice and crime reduction resources. Report to the Criminology Research Advisory Council.